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VEGETATION AREA The Alpine Botanical Garden in Hemavan

Vegetation Areas 16 and 17
These areas are situated in a shady location, where the snow melts late and the flowers bloom later. In area 17 there are rock plants, such as southside seedling, stonecrop, roseroot and rock speedwell, which bloom several weeks later here than on the southern side of the ridge. Area 17 was originally used for orchids and lilies. In 1992, all orchids in Sweden were placed under protection, and no orchids have been added to the collection since then. The collection will be closed down through "natural wastage" and will be replaced by flowers that bloom too early for other locations in the garden. Just south of area 17 is a picnic site with tables and benches. A gravel path, "The Geology Path" leads across the ridge down to the sunlit western vegetation areas. On some ten locations along the path are boulders with names, representing common species of rock in the Tärna mountains.

Vegetation Areas 18 and 19
There is a small collection of well-known alpine plants, for example edelweiss (18), in the two southernmost areas on the western side. Area 19 is dominated by a lush and beautiful blue-flowered plant, which is one of the rarest in Europe. It is called Wulfenia and grows in the Austrian Alps, in only one location. There is also one isolated locality in the Albanian mountains, and it is considered to be a relic from the Tertiary period.

Vegetation Area 20 Gymnadenia runei
Gymnadenia runei grows in area 20. It is an indigenous species which is as rare as Wulfenia. This new species was introduced, by permission, into area 20, together with the assumed parent species black vanilla orchid from Jämtland and fragrant orchid. This new species was discovered west of Tängvattnet more than 30 years ago, and was assumed to be a black vanilla orchid. Lately, Austrian orchid experts have demonstrated that it is a separate species which they have described under the name Gymnigritella runei (after Dr Olof Rune, its discoverer and the founder of the Alpine Botanical Garden). It is believed to have formed as a hybrid between black vanilla orchid and fragrant orchid.This new species is only known from three other habitats, apart from Tärna, and that is in the neighbouring municipalities of Vilhelmina and Sorsele. By contrast with Wulfenia this Lapland endemic is probably very young, perhaps less than a thousand years.




Fjällgentiana
Fjällgentiana Gentiana nivalis

Vegetation Areas 16 and 17
In the largest areas on the sunlit side, 21-24, some plants growing on south-facing mountain slopes are displayed, from Tärna and adjacent parts of Norway. The proximity to the milder coastal climate in Norway makes it possible for southern species, such as bellflower and wild marjoram, to survive in a southerly position in Hemavan, 600 metres above sea level.

Vegetation Areas 25-31
The species are here presented according to family: the sunflower family, the heath family, the mint family, the coffee family, the evening primrose family, the buttercup family and the rose family.

Vegetation Area 27
This area with the evening primrose family has been completely conquered by the elegant river beauty, which doesn't grow in Scandinavia, but is abundant in Iceland. River beauty is also known as the national flower of Greenland under the name of "niviarsiak. The evening primrose family now has to share the space with a large St. Johns wort.

Vegetation Area 29
Due to its rich blooming and seed production, the rare Scandinavian endemic Draba cacuminum would have been noticed among the sunflower family in area 29. But this rare plant seem to have emigrated. Draba cacuminum is a so-called alloploid, which was formed after the Ice Age. The same is true of Primula scandinavica Bruun, in area 24, which is also a Scandinavian endemic of the postglacial era and formed by a cross between stiff primrose (area 1) and bird's-eye primrose with a present northern boundary in Jämtland. Certain wetland plants, for example the moor king, does not thrive in cultivation, but grows in abundance on the nearby mire.


nnnnnTransl: Ing-Mari Bergquist 2006.


Alpine Botanical Garden
Naturum Hemavan
Njalla samepark
Vindelfjällen - Europas största naturreservat
Restaurang Njalla
Kungsledens sydport